For a matrix A to be orthogonal, its column vectors must be an orthonormal basis. Is this correct? The textbook also mentions that length/magnitude of and angles between (including the 90degree angle) vectors multiplied times A are both preserved. Aside from these, are there any other important properties of orthogonal matrices that we should be aware of? Additionally, a symmetric matrix, which is something completely different (meaning that A = $A^{T}$), doesn't necessarily have to be orthogonal. What are the key properties of symmetric matrices? |